martes, 20 de febrero de 2018

Julie Newmar: Inventor of the pantys


Julia Chalene Newmeyer was born in Los Angeles, the 16th of August 1933. She is now 84 years old.

From an early age, she studied piano, classical ballet and dance. She graduated from high school when she was 15. She became prima ballerina for the Los Angeles opera.

She entered the university of UCLA scoring a 99 in the entrance exam. There, she intended to study piano, French and philosophy. But she stayed there for only six weeks because she switched to Universal Studios to be a choreographer, teacher, and dance double.  
Julie Newmar acted in Broadway musicals, which made her famous. That allowed her to obtain the role of "Cat Woman" in Batman.

Click here to watch a video explaining more about her life


In the 70s Newmar invented the pantys and in the 80s she started selling them.

She needed tights that looked good on her, that didn't flatten her bottom. Her solution to that was inventing some tights herself. She cut the panties diagonally to the fabric thread and turned the central seam into elastic.

lunes, 19 de febrero de 2018

PASTY O'CONNELL SHERMAN: Scotchgard protect



Resultado de imagen de patsy o'connell shermanPasty O'Connell Sherman was born on 15th September 1930 in Minneapolis. She studied in Gustavus Adolphus College. According to the results of her tests, people thought that she must be a housewife. She asked to do the tests for boys and that results showed that she was really good in science. 

Later she became a chemist and joined to a company called 3M. In 1952 she co-invented Scothgard with Samuel Smith. They received their first prize together in 1972. Along her life she received seventeen prizes, thirteen of them shared with Samuel. Pasty worked for forty years in 3M and she was a managerial in the company. 

In 1992 she stopped working. Pasty married and had two daughters who loves the science too. One of them is a chemist and the other is a biologist. Pasty died on 11th February 2008 in Minnesota.


Resultado de imagen de scotchgardPasty was in a proyect to discover a resistant rubber material to the deterioration of plane fuel;but instead of this she discovered a new fluorochemical compounds.

In 1956 3M company took to the market "scotchgard protect".It's a polymer that repels spots and water in waves. This product makes a invisible obstacle which protects it from possible spots, it keeps the same waves's properties,and it's ordoress and particular because is the only one that resists oil spots. When some liquid falls down but there is scotchgard you can clean it with a towel and without leaving remains.

Blanca López and Tania Azabal, 3ºC

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JOSEPHINE COCHRANE: the dishwasher

Resultado de imagen de josephine cochrane

Josephine Cochrane was born in Astibula county,Ohio,U.S.A.,
 the 8/03/1839.

Husband: William Cochran
Josephine's children: Hallie Cochran and Katherine Cochran
Josephine' parents: Irene Fitch Garis and John Garis
Sister:Irene Garis Ramson

She grew up in Valparaiso, Indiana (U.S.A.). She studied in a private school until it got burn.
Later, Josephine moved to Illinois and she got married with William Cochran. When William
was 45, he died, and because of that, she changed her surname adding an "E".

She died in Chicago, U.S.A. the 3/!0/1913. 

Resultado de imagen de dishwasher of cochraneJoe Houghton designed a dishwasher that worked due to the movement of a handle.
In 1860 L.A. improved the device, these were particularly effective.
Josephine designed the first model of her dishwasher on the hut of her home. George butters,
a mechanic, helped her with the construction.

To make it, she measured plates and cups, then, she designed its compartments and, 
finally, she introduced an engine which moved the mechanism. This dishwasher was the first one 
that use pressure water.

She showed her invention at "The Universal Exhibition of Chicago" in 1893, and it won the price of 
"The best mechanical construction, durable and adapted to the pace of work"
Her factory business began in 1897.
It was an innovative invention that had many reputation and it influenced a lot in that time

sábado, 17 de febrero de 2018

Tabitha Babbitt: The Circular Saw

                          tabitha babbitt 

Tabitha babbitt was born on December 9 , 1779 in Hardwich , Massachusetts and she died on December 10 , 1853 in Harvard  Massachusetts.

Daughter of Seth and Elisabeth Babbit who were members of Shakers comunity.

She was a weaver and member of the community .

She invented the spinning wheel , false teeth and the most importantly the circular saw. 

One day while she was weaving she saw two man cutting wood and she realized that half of his moves were wasted.

three years later in 1813 she made a circular saw this saw was connected to a water powered machine to reduce the effort of cutting wood.

But she didn't legalize a man did it so there are assumptions that she didn't make it .

Thanks to the invention of the circular saw made the trade much easier.

who were the Shakers : it was a religious community and pioneer 


viernes, 16 de febrero de 2018


Ruth Handler was born in Denver,USA, the 4th of november 1916.
And she died the 27th of april 2002 in Los Angeles,USA.
Ruth studied in the University of Denver
She got married with Elliot Handler
She was the president of the company Mattel, Inc.The company of the Barbie doll
Ruth is american and she lived in Denver and California

She is the inventor of the Barbie doll.The Barbie doll is known for all of her jobs.Doctor Barbie,spy Barbie,astronaut Barbie...etc.
This is a toy focused on the little girls.
Resultado de imagen de barbieResultado de imagen de barbieResultado de imagen de barbie

There are films,series,viedogames
This is a trailer of one of her films:

And this is a short reportage of the barbie doll with
interviews to Ruth and her family

This are the websites where I take infrmation:

jueves, 15 de febrero de 2018


Imagen relacionada STEPHANIE    KWOLEK                                                                      

 Born in New Kingston, Pennsylvania since childhood showed skills in science and mathematics even though she wanted to be a designer because her mother she continued advancing in science throughout her life.

He discovered on 1965 Kevlar accidentally doing experiments with polymers on Dupont company.Kevlar is a molecule that can allow high temperatures and is -5 stronger than the steel.
It is used for bulletproof vests and helmets, construction of plane parts, optical wires, climbing cords, canoes ... and much more. 

In 1995, she received the Lavoisier Medal award from her own company and in 1994 she joined the National Inventors Hall of Fame, being the fourth woman to obtain such recognition. It was also awarded on 1996-1997 the National Medal of Technology and the Perkin Medal of the American Chemical Society.,%20Stephanie.xml  

Vista previa del vídeo Museum of Science Stephanie Kwolek de YouTube

Museum of Science Stephanie Kwolek

Sandra Grijalba y Samuel Charlez

Martha Coston - The maritime flare

M A R T H A    C O S T O N

B i o g r a p h y 

Martha Coston was born on 12th December 1826 in Baltimore, Maryland and the 9th July 1904 she died because of aging. She was an important inventor in the maritime world - she invented the maritime flare.

First, Martha met a young inventor called Benjamin Franklin, and they soon fell in love with each other. Later, at the age of 14, Martha got married with the 19-year-old boy. After this, they had four children. And desfortunately, Benjamin died very early - when Martha was 21.

After this tragedy, this young woman, her mother and her children moved to another city. Again, another tragedy happened, her mother and two of her children died.

I n v e n t i o n

This woman was without money when she decided to resume her husband's investigation that was to find something to use in case of aid in the sea - he did some plans with graphics and signals. She made those signals more intense and lasting. So finally, she got  the maritime flare.

As a matter fact, when the Titanic sank, the flares were thrown to the sea, but there was a problem: if they had thrown the red flares instead of the white ones, they would have alerted the nearest vessel, and they could have rescued the people inside the Titanic, so the flare could have saved hundreds of lifes.

Another important highlight in Martha's life was in the second Word War. Then, she did a lot to mobilize the resources of the Republic to help the Soviet Union against the Nazi Germany.

So Martha was a good inventor, but she also was a very good person, who helped a lot.

By Ana Perigot and Elena Mocé.